Session 2:
Encouraging and stimulating review and reflection (2.2)


This session introduce into the possibilities of encouraging reflection and the opportunities of individual and peer reflection.



After this session the participant:

  • Will be able to understand guidance on different levels of reflection: self-reflection, reflection on action (analysis and evaluation of occurred events, decisions made etc) and reflection in action (the reflection is tied to the context in which an event occurred);
  • Will be able to explain, develop and apply strategies to stimulate learners to reflect on their own learning process/progress.
  • Will get knowledge about using technology in supporting reflection

Stimulating reflection


The tutor should discuss the Means of encouraging reflection. His/her presentation have to follow the plan given below:

  • introduction:
  • Encoraging reflection by real-life situations;
  • Type of questions provoking reflection - no clear-cut answers
  • Role of integrating new learning into previous learning
  • Conclusion of means for encouraging reflection

For more information on the different concepts use the link to the respective concept.



Discussion: How to support learners in review and reflection?

  • Step 1: The tutor should introduce the useful strategies to support student review and reflection ;
  • Step 2: Deliberate in small groups (3-4 persons) on different strategies, distributed by the moderator/course tutor;
  • Prepare SWOT analysis for each strategy
  • Each group presents in plenary its results
  • Final discussions



Introduction on the part of the tutor on the main technologies, which can encourage and facilitate the process of reflection. In his/her presentation the tutor should include the following points:


Peer vs. individual reflection


Confrontation activity: Collective or individual reflection?

  1. The tutor should make a presentation on the concept of individual reflection practices
  2. Work in groups:

Participants are split into two teams; first stands for prevailing importance of collective reflection, second supports the individual reflection practices; the moderator should encourage discussion and challenge participants; at the end the participants should summarize the results and findings.


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MOSEP Project -
The project is managed by the Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft , if you have any questions or contributions, please contact the project co-ordinator Wolf Hilzensauer.