College Students
Elementary Schools
Goal Setting
Models of Reflection
Notes & Reflections
Professional Development
Recipes for Reflection
Reflective Practice
Secondary Schools
Service Learning
Technology Tools for Reflection
Why Reflect?



Dewey, J. (1910). How we think. New York: Heath & Co.
Kolb, D. (1984). Experiential learning. New York: Prentice Hall.
Moon, J. (1999). Reflection in Learning and Professional Development. London: Routledge.
Moon, J. (2004). A Handbook of Reflective and Experiential Learning: Theory and Practice. London: RoutledgeFalmer
Moon, J. (2006). Learning Journals: A Handbook for Academics, Students and Professional Development. London: Routledge
Schon, D.A. (1991). The reflective practitioner. New York: Basic Books.

Web-Based Resources

Wikipedia lists different terms to represent reflection (under psychology:
introspection, contemplation, debriefing, or observation)
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on Introspection

Dr. Barrett's Reflection weblinks on
Scaffolding Reflection with Adolescent and Adult Learners

Learning and Assessing Through Reflection: A Practical Guide (PDF)

Service Learning Reflection Activities (PDF)

Reflection Toolkit (PDF), Northwest Service Academy, Metro Center, Portland, OR:

Reflection and The Experiential Learning Cycle (PDF), Career & Community Learning Center, University of Minnesota

Facilitating Reflection: A Manual for Leaders and Educators. University of Vermont

Writing Portfolios: What Teachers Learn from Student Self-Assessment by Kim Johnson-Bogart
"Examples from students' self-reflective essays, created to organize and explain their selections for end-of-term writing portfolios, reveal how much students learn from such reflection. Careful attention to students' reflections invites instructors to change their approach so that it encourages the process of learning that students describe."

Karen Barnstable's blog with great resources on reflection and developing Career transition portfolios.

Edutopia article: High Tech Reflection Strategies Make Learning Stick

Updated on Feb 20, 2011 by Helen Barrett (Version 9)